Problem I had when upgrading from Ubuntu Jaunty 9.04 to the Karmic 9.10 beta:
When booting, I would not get the Xsplash screen, and X would not start. Instead, I would see the text boot, which would rapidly flicker.
The solution was to boot into recovery mode, and as root, run:
This built the NVIDIA kernel module which the upgrade process, for some reason, decided wasn’t important enough to build itself.